U.S. Barack obama speaks on reducing gun violence as Vice President Joe Biden looks on from the East Room on the White House on Jan. 5, 2016 in Washington, D.C. (Mandel Ngan/AFP)
WASHINGTON, D.C. C U.S.?Obama, noting the harder than 300,000 firearm-related U.S. deaths in the last decade, announced executive orders Tuesday geared toward reducing gun violence.
The “common-sense” reforms, which bypass the Republican-controlled Congress, are opposed by critics, including Republican 2016 presidential hopefuls who reason that Obama’s unilateral actions violate the U.S. Constitution and restrict law-abiding citizens’ entry to firearms.
Here are important components of Obama’s executive actions:
Requiring background checks. The core of Obama’s move involves firming up the existing system for conducting background record checks on gun sales, notably by closing the “gun show loophole” which exempts dealers at gun shows or online from performing a background checks before selling a weapon.
Strengthening the backdrop check system. Authorities will act to help make the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) more streamlined, including improving state reporting somewhere, hiring 230 more examiners to swiftly process checks 24 / 7, and modernizing digital parts of NICS.
Licenses for everyone sellers. Anyone “involved in the business” of promoting firearms must be licensed as a dealer, which may require the face or entity to perform criminal record searches for everyone gun sales.
There isn\’t any specific threshold that produces the licensing requirement, and people who sell exclusively online or at gun shows can be considered dealers in the same way is a person building a brick-and-mortar store. Failure to abide by licensing requirements may lead to a five year prison sentence as well as a $250,000 fine.
U.S. Obama offers a statement on executive actions to lessen gun violence on Jan. 5, 2016 in the White House in Washington, D.C. Jim Watson/Nicholas Kamm/AFP
Expanding mental health treatment. “Significant” new resources will be focused on boosting use of mental healthcare, together with a $500 million proposal to improve service capacity, and ensuring those with mental illness are prevented from acquiring guns. The Social Security Administration is always to guarantee that people with documented mental health conditions are reported into NICS.
Reporting mentally ill patients. The reforms enable medical service providers to report names of mentally ill patients in to the background checks system. Health privacy rules prevent doctors from sharing such data without consent with their patients, though the administration rules now allow health care providers to report back to the NICS “limited demographic and also other necessary information about them.”
Improving gun law enforcement. U.S. Attorney General Loretta Lynch is vowing to conduct “smart and effective enforcement” of existing gun laws, including tracking illegal online firearms trafficking and raising the ballistics system which will help investigators link violent crimes across jurisdictions. Obama’s 2017 budget will incorporate funding for 200 new agents to support enforce gun laws.
Researching gun-safety technology. Obama desires to boost research efforts to improve “smart gun technology,” and it has directed the Pentagon, Justice Department, and Department of Homeland Security to raise research on technology that will reduce accidents and improve tracing of lost or stolen guns. The companies must report back to Obama in 3 months with strategy outlines.
Combating domestic violence. Lynch issued a memo to U.S. Attorney’s Offices to resume domestic violence outreach efforts. The objective is always to provide additional helpful information on state, local and tribal the police and also for community groups to assist fight the scourge saving domestic abusers from obtaining guns.
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